The Blue Lagoon
Postcards from Bad Oeyhhausen, West Phalia. The pigs remembered in this fountain lead to the discovery of the thermal waters. As they wallowed in a muddy field, the farmer noticed a crust of salt on their backs. (The story reminds me of the cows who found epsom salts). The king set up a salt mine. As they were drilling for salt reserves, the miners discovered a thermal spring.
A leaflet from the Poseidon thermal complex on the island of Ischia in Southern Italy. The Ancient Roman Emperors and other elite took holidays in their villas on the near by island Capri. The islands are near Naples and it’s volcano, Vesuvius.
It can take an afternoon at least to try out all the pools and saunas. The sun beats down on you as you sit in hot pools. You can swim in the sea and sauna in a cave. I walked around the track of a circular pool, feet on a bed of pebbles, through hot water then into freezing cold.
[flickr album=72157624463361393 num=1 size=Medium] We found the well at the centre of a radiating development of low houses. It was enclosed in a newly designed monument and surrounded by lavender. This was the source of the famous Epsom Spa.
As visitors came from Europe to take the waters, by drinking and bathing in them, a circle of shops and refreshments grew around the well. After this came the inns, taverns, gaming rooms (casinos are often connected to spa towns), a bowling green, a cockpit and the assembly rooms.
Some visitors drank 16 pints of the water a day from stoneware jars and followed this with a walk as the effects took place. In 1750s you could buy Epsom water at the Mineral Water Warehouse in Fleet Street.
A RELAXING BATH
Put 2 cups of Epsom salts in a bath. Soak for more than 15 minutes.
You can buy 1kilo bags of Espsom Salts from the chemist.
The mill in the photos is the Cromford Cotton Mill of Richard Arkwright. As we toured the mill, I was struck with the way Arkwright worked things out. He worked out how to process cotton using a machine; he designed the mill as a fortress, with good defences as the machinery was unpopular with some; he built the workers cottages with room for a pig and with light coming in at the top floors so the men could use them as workshops (most of his employees were women). The Peak district water would freeze in the winter, but he located the mill so the warm water of the thermal spa could keep the mill working all the year round.
This is the petrifying well of Matlock Bath. Matlock Bath is a small spa town which was fashionable in the Victorian Era for hydrotherapy, and now its amusement arcades, fish and chip shops and illuminations make it known as a seaside town without the sea and even the Alps of the Peak District. The petrifying well attracted the Victorian vistors who came to take the waters. Objects such as ‘wigs, booms and birds nests’ were left under the flow of the thermal water. The water is warm and rich in calcium and limestone and the objects became encrusted with mineral. The objects appeared to turn to stone.